Cutting Conditions and Tool Wear when Machining Wood-Based Materials

Josef Chladil, Josef Sedlák, Eva Šebelová Rybářová, Marian Kučera, Miroslav Dado

Abstract


The article deals with data in the cutting process of wood-based materials. The cutting process influences the shape and dimensions of a cutting edge. The experiments were focused on monitoring the changes of the cutting edge in machining of particle board and the influence of cutting speed on the tool wear. Cutting tests were performed during milling at cutting rates in the range 7.95 to 17.9 m/s (477 to 1074 m/min), a depth of cut of 9.5 mm, and a tooth feed of 0.05 mm. The wear process of cutting wedge during particle board milling is characterized by a decrease in the cutting edge of insert blades. The comparative digital dial gauge was used for measurement of the cutting wedge recession. The course of the wear of wood based materials exhibited similarity in graphical representation with abrasive material cutting. The resulting dependency may be used for selection of the most suitable cutting conditions according to operator requirements.

Keywords


Machining; Wood; Tool; Wear; Dulling; Cutting conditions

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