Use of Sweet Sorghum Bagasse (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) for Cellulose Acetate Synthesis

José Mariano da Silva Neto, Líbia de Sousa Conrado Oliveira, Flávio Luiz Honorato da Silva, Jose N. Tabosa, Jose G. de A. Pacheco, Marcio J. V. da Silva

Abstract


The objective of this work was to synthesize cellulose acetate from sorghum bagasse, a promising raw material for the production of chemical inputs, both from a photosynthetic point of view and the maturation speed compared with that of sugarcane. The bagasse was treated with hydrogen peroxide, and then cellulose was isolated using sodium chlorite, acetic acid, and sodium hydroxide. The cellulose was subjected to an acetylation reaction, from which cellulose triacetate was obtained. By means of statistical analysis, it was observed that the conditions that generated the highest solubilization of lignin (62%) and higher yield from cellulose extraction (39.5%) were 60 °C, a 6% peroxide concentration, and 4 h. Cellulose acetate was obtained with a degree of substitution of 3.66 at 25 °C and 24 h. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry, differential thermogravimetry, and differential scanning calorimetry analyses confirmed that the obtained cellulose presented specific characteristics of this material. Also, the reaction of acetylation was confirmed through these techniques.

Keywords


Peroxide hydrogen treatment; Sorghum bagasse; Cellulose; Cellulose acetate

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