Influence of Temperature of Thermal Modification on the Fire-technical Characteristics of Spruce Wood

Jana Luptakova, Frantisek Kacik, Iveta Mitterova, Martin Zachar


Thermal modification is a widely used wood protection method. This method has attracted attention because there are no toxic chemicals used in the process. The influence of thermal modification was investigated relative to the ignitability and the mass burning rate of Norway spruce wood (Picea abies). The spruce wood samples were subjected to temperatures of 100 °C, 150 °C, 200 °C, 220 °C, 240 °C, and 260 °C for durations of 1 h, 3 h, and 5 h. The treatment at temperatures higher than 200 °C resulted in a lower mass loss at 600 s and a lower average relative burning rate, but it did not influence ignition time, the flame-died-out time, and maximum relative burning rate. The class of reaction to fire of the spruce wood samples was not changed due to the treatment. Therefore, it can be stated that the thermal treatment at temperatures below 200 °C does not influence the fire safety of an important class of wooden products.


Thermal modification; Norway spruce wood; Mass burning rate; Ignitability

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