Preliminary Study of Laminated Glass with Nanocellulose and Poly(vinyl butyral) for Safety Glazing

Chloé Maury, Frank Crispino, Éric Loranger

Abstract


The increase in fatal road accidents, natural disasters, and even terrorist attacks around the world have contributed to the improvement of public security. Windows can be particularly hazardous because of cutting fragments expelled during breakage or an explosion, which may induce injury. It is becoming essential to develop a resistant daily security glazing for houses to prevent damage in earthquakes and tornado areas, for utility cars, etc. Nanocellulose was used, which has a low ecological footprint, to improve safety glazing properties and was based on poly (vinyl butyral) (PVB). Following the processing of many different recipes for layers based on both PVB and nanocellulose polymers, intercalary films were assembled with glass using hot pressing. The results of the three-point bending experiments were promising. Breaking loads were approximately 8000 N for the two nanocellulose samples, which were close to the results of the sample with PVB only. Furthermore, the obtained composites possessed a transparency near that of PVB only. Finally, nanocellulose overtop PVB had a surface mass as low as one eighth of that of the PVB.

Keywords


Nanocellulose; Poly (vinyl butyral); Safety glazing; Intercalary

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