Surface Roughness of Heat Treated and Untreated Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Wood after Sanding

Lidia Gurau, Mark Irle, Julia Buchner

Abstract


The effect of sanding, as the last operation before finishing, on the quality of heat treated wood surfaces has been insufficiently explored and explained. This paper compared the effects of sanding with three commonly used sanding grit sizes P60, P100, and P150 on the surface roughness values of beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) wood. The wood samples were treated by the ThermoWood process at 200 °C for 2.5 h. A large range of standard roughness parameters (Ra, Rq, Rv, Rt, RSm, Rsk, Rk, Rpk, and Rvk) and two waviness parameters (Wa, and Wt) were included in the analysis, as well as environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) images of the sanded surfaces. The results showed that the heat treatment slightly increased the surface roughness and decreased the wood surface waviness after sanding. All roughness and waviness parameters increased with increasing sanding mean grit diameters by following a strong linear correlation. The processing roughness was closely approximated by the parameter Rk. For both, treated and untreated beech, sanding had a tendency to obscure (in magnitude and number) wood anatomical details in the measured data. However, the influence of wood anatomy in the valleys domain increased as the grit size became finer.

Keywords


Surface roughness; Heat treated beech; Sanding quality; Roughness parameters; Microscopic images

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