Investigating the Possibility of Making Lignin-glyoxal Resins as Adhesives in the Production of Plywood

Mohammad Reza Tupa Esfandiyari, Mohammad TalaeiPour, Habibolah Khademoleslam, Seyed Ahmad Mir Shokraei, Behzad Bazyar


The possibility of making glues of natural origin (pure lignin and lignin-gluoxal (instead of chemical resins for making plywood from poplar layer was investigated. For this purpose, lignin was reacted with glyoxal and the lignin-glyoxal glue was produced. To make the desired plywood, pure lignin (L.100%), lignin-glyoxal 15% (L.85%, G.15%), and lignin-glyoxal 30% (L.70%, G.30%) were used as the adhesive at three different levels. Ammonium chloride (1%) as the hardener and wheat flour (30%) as the filler based on the dry weight of the adhesive were also used. Plates made with urea formaldehyde resin at 160 g/m2 were considered as control samples. After the laboratory boards were produced, the physical and mechanical properties of samples, such as thickness swelling after 2 and 24 h of immersion in water, shear strength, modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity, were measured. In addition, the groups and bonds in the pure lignin and lignin-gloxal adhesives were identified by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. In most tests and compared to the boards made of the adhesives and control boards, the lignin-glyoxal 30% (L.70%, G.30%) glue came closest to the performance of the control glue.


Plywood; Adhesive; Lignin; Glyoxal; Ammonium chloride

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