Creep Behavior of Laminated Veneer Lumber from Poplar Under Cyclic Humidity Changes

Chao Li, Yuxiang Huang


Many academic studies over the years have confirmed that mechano-sorptive (MS) creep is an inherent characteristic of wood. Unlike solid wood, bond lines are introduced into laminated veneer lumber (LVL), creating a laminated structure with different hygroscopicity. What are the effects of these differences on the MS creep of LVL? In this study, three groups of well-matched LVL samples were subjected to four-point bending loading within different relative humidity cycles. For each group, the applied load ranged from 15% to 35% of the short-term fracture load. The results showed that after the first hygroscopic process, LVL showed irreversible expansion (0.11 mm) and a relatively slow moisture adsorption rate. These made it difficult for LVL to show partial creep recovery during the first adsorption process no matter how low the load level was, while solid wood showed partial creep recovery when the load level was ≤ 25%. The following creep behavior of LVL was similar to that of solid wood: partial creep recovery started from the second adsorption stage when a moderate load level was applied.


Laminated veneer lumber; Mechano-sorptive creep; The first adsorption; Moisture effect; Load effect

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126