Crude Oil Removal using Calotropis procera

Raoni Batista dos Anjos, Larissa Sobral Hilário, Henrique Borges de Moraes Juviniano, Djalma Ribeiro da Silva

Abstract


Calotropis procera (CP) fiber is a natural and renewable material with great lumen and hydrophobic-oleophilic characteristics, providing it with a good oil absorption capacity. In order to increase the absorption efficiency of organic oils and solvents, CP fiber was treated with either 0.1 M NaOH (CPNaOH), 1% NaClO2 (CPNaClO2), or hydrothermal conditions (CPHT) in an effort to improve its ability to remove crude oil from leaks or spills. The fibers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy with field emission (SEM-FEG), and wettability for water and diesel. The fibers CPHT, CPNaOH, and CPNaClO2 showed excellent hydrophobic-oleophilic properties and good crude oil absorption capacity in water 99.2 g/g, 103.9 g/g, and 92.0 g/g. The absorption after 60 min for most fibers in dry systems or with a layer of oil floating on water exceeded 90% of its absorption capacity for the time of 1440 min. The CPNaOH after 6 runs absorbed 445.8 g of crude oil per gram of fiber. Based on the results, the treated fibers can be considered an alternative for the removal of oil from leaks and spills due to the high availability and excellent absorption property for various oils.

Keywords


Calotropis procera; Absorption; Crude oil

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