Structural Design and Mechanical Properties Analysis of Bamboo-wood Cross-laminated Timber

Chao Li, Xilong Wang, Yizhuo Zhang


To explore the overall mechanical properties of bamboo-wood composite cross-laminated timber (BCLT), a simulation model of BCLT mechanical behavior based on the solid element was established using the finite element software ABAQUS. The actual four-point bending experiment was compared and analyzed with the finite element numerical simulation. The total curve error coefficient of the BCLT specimen at 18-mm displacement was 0.2988 while the interval was 0.5 mm. The error coefficient was 0.0178 when the maximum load was reached, and the minimum error coefficient was 0.0015 at 12 mm of displacement. Analysis of the influence of material parameters, meshing density, and material arrangement on the final stress distribution indicate that the difference in the elastic parameters of the material greatly influence the final stress distribution, and the arrangement and combination of materials also have an effect on the overall mechanical properties of the BCLT board. The combination CLT1-2-1 (i.e., the upper and lower layers of the bamboo are Arrangement 1 and the hemlock is Arrangement 2) have a maximum load of 57682 Ν and a maximum stress of 103.9 MPa.


Cross-laminated timber; Bamboo and wood composite; Bending behavior analysis,Four-point bending experiment; Finite element simulation;

Full Text:


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126