Conversion Efficiency of Fir Roundwood into Sawlogs

Markus Brandstetter, Octavia Zeleniuc, Gheorghe Pei, Mihaela Campean

Abstract


The objective of this research was to quantitate the amount of wood loss that occurs during the processing of freshly harvested fir roundwood into sawlogs. The influence of the felling damages and various growth defects, e.g., curvature, taper, and forked growth, were taken into consideration. The causes of wood loss and wood volume reduction during the three primary operations of this processing chain, under the considered limited conditions, were established. The greatest wood volume reduction recorded was an 11% decrease, which was caused by the crosscutting of the stems into shorter logs. Additional wood volume reductions were due to the selection (grading) of the sawable logs and to debarking (7% and 6%, respectively). Some recommendations, in terms of industrial applicability, i.e., methods to reduce the amount of wood loss, were also formulated.

Keywords


Fir; Roundwood; Sawlogs; Wood losses; Crosscutting; Grading; Debarking; Conversion efficiency

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126