Effect of Mortise and Tenon Size on Compressive and Tensile Strength of a Box Connected by Dovetail Keys

Shuo Wang, Zhi Hui Wu, Lu Chen, Sheng Zan Yan, Li Jun Xu, Hao Guan


Compressive and tensile strengths were considered for a box connected by dovetail keys under different mortise-and-tenon sizes. Poplar wood modified by melamine resin (MF modified poplar wood) was chosen as the experimental material, and the experimental study was carried out on the box using the concentrated loading method. The results showed that the ratio (T) of hole depth to slope height had a significant effect on the structural strength of the box connected by dovetail keys when other dimensional parameters were the same. When T was equal to 75%, the compression and tensile strength of the box was the highest, and the joint had better recovery and deformation ability. When T` was equal to 50%, the box strength was the worst, and the joint damage was the most serious in both types of loading. In addition, the measurement standard of the displacement was determined through preliminary experimentation. The compression quantity was 8 mm, and the stretching quantity was 5 mm. The latter experiment showed the reliability of the pre-experiment.


Mortise-and-tenon size; Dovetail key; Compressive; Tensile

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