Antifungal Activity and Fire Resistance Properties of Nano-Chitosan Treated Wood

Laya Khademibami, H. Michael Barnes, Dragica Jeremica, Rubin Shmulsky, Keith Bourne, Seyed Abolghasem Fatemi

Abstract


Fungal decay and fire resistance properties of wood treated with nano-chitosan-TPP particles were investigated. Quaternized and non-quaternized nano-chitosan particles crosslinked with a commercial fire-retardant, tripolyphosphate, were prepared from low molecular weight chitosan (with a molecular weight of 50 to 190 kDa). Different treatments were performed on southern yellow pine wood samples via a vacuum impregnation process for both quaternized and non-quaternized nano-chitosan-TPP particles with a concentration ratio of 12% to 4.8% (nano-chitosan to TPP). Both the leached and unleached treated wood samples were exposed to brown rot (Gloeophyllum trabeum) and white rot (Trametes versicolor) fungi according to AWPA standard E10-16. The flammability test was performed with a cone calorimeter according to ASTM standard E1354-15. The heat release rate and the mass loss rate were measured. The results of the fungal tests indicated that the quaternization of the nano-chitosan particles resulted in a reduced mass loss in the pine samples when exposed to Trametes versicolor under leached conditions. Additionally, without the quaternization of the nano-chitosan particles, the mass loss in the pine samples was reduced when exposed to Gloeophyllum trabeum under unleached conditions. The production of nano-chitosan-TPP particles had a significant effect on the fire-retardant activity of the treated wood samples.

Keywords


Nano-chitosan particles; Fungal decay; Fire retardant; Southern yellow pine; Wood preservative

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