Effects of Dilute Acid Activation and Tannin Modification on the Binding Mechanism of Formaldehyde-free Particleboards

Feng Chen, Baichuan Wang, Xinghua Xia


The development of a formaldehyde-free wood-based panel is a major research direction in the wood-based material industry. Previous research has demonstrated that nitric acid activated fibers and coupling agents could be utilized to manufacture formaldehyde-free medium-density fiberboards. Herein, based on the chemical characteristics of wood, nitric acid and tannin were applied in formaldehyde-free particleboard, featuring suitable mechanical properties and water absorption resistance. The results of modulus of rupture (MOR), surface bonding strength, internal bonding strength, and 2 h moisture thickness swelling (TS) of formaldehyde-free particleboard (that was synthesized at optimal conditions and satisfied the China National Standards GB/T 4897 (2015) and GB/T 17657 (2013)) are discussed. The investigation of the technological conditions on bond performance showed that when the particleboard was bonded with the conditions of 20/80 nitric acid/particles mass proportion, 50% tannin concentration, and 135 °C temperature, the MOR, surface bonding strength, inner bonding strength, and 2 h TS were better than that of the particles with urea formaldehyde resin adhesive. The synthesis mechanism was studied by both Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and wide-angle X-ray diffraction, and the chemical composition indicated polycondensation of furfural and tannin, and hydrogen bonding of hydroxyl groups as the reaction mechanism between nitric activation and the tannin coupling agent.


Formaldehyde-free particleboard; Dilute nitric acid; Tannin; Activation; Wood-based material

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