Enhancement of Delignification by Ionic Liquids Pretreatment and Modification of Hardwood Kraft Pulp in Preparation for Bleaching

Jianmin Peng, Guihua Yang, Letian Qi, Jinke Liu, Fengfeng Li, Jiachuan Chen, Lucian A. Lucia

Abstract


Ionic liquids (ILs) pretreatment is shown to improve the pulp bleachability and modify the physical strength of the hardwood pulp during the oxygen-chlorine dioxide-hydrogen peroxide (ODP) bleaching. The pretreatment enhanced lignin removal in ODP bleaching, resulting in decreased lignin content of the pretreated pulp. The brightness and strength properties were improved. In particular, the folding strength was increased by 153% relative to the control when the pulp was pretreated by [TEA][HSO4]. The analysis of scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction confirmed the enhancement of delignification in ILs pretreatment by the removal of hemicellulose and lignin on pulp fibers’ surface, and the well-preserved fiber framework of the hardwood pulp fibers during ODP-bleaching.

Keywords


Bleachability; Hardwood pulp; Ionic liquids; Pretreatment; Properties

Full Text:

PDF


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126