Aging Resistance and Photocatalytic Activity of a Wood Surface Coated with a Zr4+-doped SiO2/TiO2 Film

Zhigao Liu, Luning Xuan, Yunlin Fu


A Zr4+-doped SiO2/TiO2 composite film (Zr4+-doped STCF) was prepared on a wood surface via a sol-gel method to improve its photocatalytic activity and aging resistance. The physicochemical characteristics of the composite film were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and low-temperature N2 sorption methods. The photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange and its aging resistance under ultraviolet light were tested. The results showed that the composite film had an anatase TiO2 crystal form, and the addition of Zr4+ to the composite film noticeably improved photocatalytic activity and aging resistance. The highest degradation percentage occurred at 0.5 wt% Zr4+ (59.2%) when the Zr4+ ion doping amount was 2.5 wt%, and the aging resistance of the composite film also peaked under these conditions. The wood surface coated with Zr4+-doped STCF exhibited strong aging resistance and photocatalytic activity, which protected the surface from discoloration and decomposition. As it degraded organic pollutants, the modified wood surface had a good self-cleaning function.


Wood surface; Sol-gel method; Zr4+-doped SiO2/TiO2 composite film; Photocatalytic activity; Aging resistance

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