Mutagenesis of Aspergillus aculeatus by 60Co-γ Irradiation for High Production of Potential ILs-Tolerant Cellulase

Rui-Ping Xi, Ye-Qiang Qi, Bi-Xian Zhang, Xin-Miao He, He-Shu Chen, Yun-Fei Gao, Xiao-Mei Hu

Abstract


Ionic liquids (ILs) are effective solvents for lignocellulose pretreatment. Enzymatic saccharification converts pretreated lignocelluloses into valuable products, and IL-tolerant cellulase improves the enzymatic efficiency and the reuse of ILs. In this study, a fungal strain with a relatively high cellulase production was isolated and identified as Aspergillus aculeatus G1-3. The high production of β-glucosidase (1.943 U per mL), CMCase (1.303 U per mL), and FPase (0.165 U per mL) was obtained using corn stover as the carbon source and peptone as the nitrogen source. The results were obtained at pH 8.0 and 30 °C with an inoculation size of 3% (volume per volume) for 7 days. A mutant strain Aspergillus aculeatus P6 with β-glucosidase (7.023 U per mL), CMCase (1.543 U per mL), and FPase (0.098 U per mL) was obtained by 60Co-γ irradiation. The cellulase activity was measured at pH 5.0 and 60 °C for enzymatic hydrolysis. The cellulase from mutant strains was stable in different concentrations of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate. Enzymatic saccharification of the original corn stover and ILs-pretreated corn stover was successfully performed with high sugar yields. The mutant strains of Aspergillus aculeatus have great potential for their further application in the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into biofuels.

Keywords


Lignocellulosic biomass; Cellulase; Mutagenesis; Saccharification

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