Structural Analysis of CaCO3 Nanoparticle/Pulp Fiber Composites by Tube Flow Fractionation

Moe Fuchise-Fukuoka, Shisei Goto, Akira Isogai


Two slurries that consisted of precipitated calcium carbonate (CaCO3) nanoparticles and unbeaten hardwood bleached kraft pulp (HBKP) were prepared via ultrafine bubble and mixing methods. In the ultrafine bubble method, a CO2 gas flow was bubbled into a HBKP slurry that contained Ca(OH)2 to prepare a precipitated CaCO3/HBKP composite slurry. The HBKP/water and precipitated CaCO3/water slurries were prepared separately and mixed to prepare a precipitated CaCO3/HBKP mixture slurry. Each of the two CaCO3/HBKP slurries was separated into five fractions using a tube flow fractionation (TFF) system. The first and second fractions consisted of long HBKP fibers and fiber aggregates. The third fraction had the highest mass ratio of the components in the five fractions, and it had approximately 1-mm-long HBKP fibers. The fourth fraction contained primarily HBKP short fibers and CaCO3 aggregates. Thus, the CaCO3/HBKP components in the slurry were separated adequately by TFF, depending on their hydrodynamic sizes. The average width of each fraction in the CaCO3/HBKP composite slurry was always larger than that of the corresponding fraction from the CaCO3/HBKP mixture slurry, which indicated that precipitated CaCO3 nanoparticles and their aggregates attached stably to long and short pulp fiber surfaces in the composite slurry.


Classification; Nanoparticle; Precipitated calcium carbonate; Ultrafine bubble; Tube flow fractionation

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