Leucaena leucocephala: A Fast-growing Tree for the Malaysian Particleboard Industry

Wan Mohd Nazri Wan Abdul Rahman, Nur Atiqah Nabilah Johari, Siti Noorbaini Sarmin, Nor Yuziah Mohd Yunus, Yani Japaruni, Jamaluddin Mahmud, Mohd Nizar Khairuddin

Abstract


Leucaena leucocephala (Lam) de Wit is a fast-growing tree species often used as lead (shade) tree that can be cultivated in Malaysia. This species has potential as an alternative resource for the Malaysian furniture and panel board industries in the coming years because of a shortage of the current frequently used raw material (rubberwood). A study on growth performance and potential as particleboard resource material was done. In terms of growth performance, the preliminary study indicated that Leucaena trees grew at a rate of 44% from the first month to the forth month and 43% from 6 to 12 months. As for particleboard manufacturing, Leucaena: Rubberwood admixture bound with urea formaldehyde (8%, 10 % and 12% resin content) to a density of 700 kg/m3, showed promise of usability when all boards pass the Type P2 board requirement of EN312:2010. In general, L. leucocephala wood is a potential raw material for the manufacture of wood composites.

Keywords


Growth rate; Leucaena leucocephala; Particleboard; Particle ratio; Resin content

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