Effects of Cellulose Nanocrystals as Extender on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Wood Cement Composite Panels

Mona Shayestehkia, Habibollah Khademieslam, Behzad Bazyar, Hossein Rangavar, Hamid Reza Tghiyari

Abstract


The effects of cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) particles were investigated relative to the physical, mechanical, and microstructural properties of wood cement composite panels. Wood and cement were mixed at three ratios of 1:3, 1:3.5, and 1:4. Calcium chloride was added at 3 and 5%. CNC was added to the mixture at five levels (0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, and 1%, based on dry weight of cement). The results showed that CNC content of 0.5% had the best impact on the properties. The overall trend showed that with the addition of CNC, tensile, flexural, and physical properties of the composites were considerably enhanced. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that the addition of CNC was associated with an improved integrity in the micro-structure of panels.

Keywords


Cellulose nanocrystal; Cellulose; Nanocomposite; Portland cement; Wood cement panels

Full Text:

PDF


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126