Adsorption Behavior and Mechanism of 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol on Nut Shell Activated Carbon

Liming Cao, Yan Li, Xiaorong Mo, Jing Li, Qin Wu, Shuangquan Yao

Abstract


The adsorbable organic halides (AOX) produced during chlorine dioxide bleaching are highly toxic and difficult to degrade. Currently, AOX generation is mainly reduced by controlling conditions during bleaching. Studies on AOX removal in the natural environment are rarely reported. In this study, the adsorption of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) on nut shell activated carbon was investigated. The effects of activated carbon dosage, adsorption time, and temperature on the removal of 2,4,6-TCP were examined. The optimal adsorption conditions was activated carbon dosage 0.20 g × L-1, adsorption time 130 min, and temperature 25 °C. The removal efficiency of 2,4,6-TCP was 91.5%. The adsorption kinetics and isothermal adsorption were studied, and a thermodynamic equation was established. The adsorption was more consistent with a pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Freundlich adsorption isotherm model. Thermodynamic studies showed that the adsorption of 2,4,6-TCP on activated carbon was a spontaneous exothermic process. These findings provide a new method for AOX removal in natural environments.

Keywords


Activated carbon; 2,4,6-TCP; Removal rate; Adsorption kinetics; Thermodynamics

Full Text:

PDF


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126