Preparation of High Conductivity Hierarchical Porous Carbon Based on Sodium Lignosulfonate with Pre-crosslinking

Yanjie Yi, Yi Hou, Youming Li

Abstract


The electrode material plays a key role in the performance of a supercapacitor. This study reports a method to prepare high conductivity hierarchical porous carbon with pre-crosslinking based on sodium lignosulfonate, which usually is burned as a waste effluent in pulp and paper mills. Results indicate pre-crosslinking with glutaraldehyde and ethyleneimine polymer, activation with less potassium hydroxide KOH, and finally carbonization to form carbon materials of hyperbranched macromolecules with ultra-rich specific surface area of 2780 m2/g and reasonable pore size distribution. The prepared carbon material showed high specific capacitance and good electrochemical performance when used as electrode materials for supercapacitors. At 0.5 A/g, the specific capacitance was 305 F/g, and the specific capacitance decay was only 6.2%, even after 2500 consecutive charge/discharge cycles, which revealed the huge potential for the supercapacitor characteristics with long service life. The results provided a high-valued application of industrial waste, which is important to further the sustainable development of the national economy.

Keywords


Sodium lignosulfonate; Porous carbon; Supercapacitor; Pre-crosslinking

Full Text:

PDF


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126