Time-efficient Approach to Drill Condition Monitoring Based on Images of Holes Drilled in Melamine Faced Chipboard

Albina Jegorowa, Izabella Antoniuk, Jarosław Kurek, Michał Bukowski, Wioleta Dołowa, Paweł Czarniak


This paper presents a time-efficient approach to the drill wear classification problem that achieves a similar accuracy rate compared to more complex and time-consuming solutions. A total of three classes representing drill state are recognized: red for poor state, yellow for elements requiring additional evaluation, and green for good state. Images of holes drilled in melamine faced chipboard were used as input data, focusing on evaluating differences in image color values to determine the overall drill state. It is especially important that there are as few mistakes as possible between the red and green class, as these generate the highest loss for the manufacturer. In green samples presented in gray-scale, most pixels were either black (representing the hole) or white (representing the chipboard), with very few values in between. The current method was based on the assumption that the number of pixels with intermediate values, instead of extreme ones, would be significantly higher for the red class. The presented initial approach was easy to implement, generated results quickly, and achieved a similar accuracy compared to more complex solutions based on convolutional neural networks.


Chipboard machining; Melamine faced chipboard; Tool condition monitoring; Drill wear classification

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