Valorization of Briquettes Fuel Using Pinus spp. Sawdust from Five Regions of Mexico

María Alejandra Ramírez-Ramírez, Artemio Carrillo-Parra, Faustino Ruíz-Aquino, Luis Fernando Pintor-Ibarra, Nicolás González-Ortega, Rocio Orihuela-Equihua, Noel Carrillo-Ávila, Concepción Luján-Álvarez, José Guadalupe Rutiaga-Quinones

Abstract


This research characterized briquettes made with Pinus spp. sawdust without the use of additives. For this purpose, 19 samples of sawdust from different wood industries located in five states of the Mexican Republic were used. The densification process was carried out in a vertical hydraulic piston laboratory briquette machine. The briquettes were made with 40 g of sawdust, at 50 °C, 20 kPa and pressing for 5 min. The results obtained varied as follows: moisture content (4.1% to 7.2%), density (813.9 to 1,014.4 kg/m3), volumetric expansion (7.4% to 37.3%), compressive strength (4.9 to 40.8 N/mm), impact resistance index (46.7% to 200%), ash (0.1% to 1.1%), volatile matter (82.9% to 90.7%), fixed carbon (8.9% to 16.4%), and calorific value (20.5 to 22.8 MJ/kg). The density of the briquettes was within the "acceptable" classification (800 to 1,200 kg/m3). It was observed that, the higher the density, the lower the volumetric expansion, the higher the compressive strength, and the higher the impact resistance index. According to the ash content, the briquettes could achieve international quality. Due to high volatile matter values, rapid combustion of the briquettes with little generation of toxic smoke would be expected. Fixed carbon and calorific value results were acceptable.

Keywords


Bioenergy; Solid biofuels; Lignocellulosic waste; Proximate analysis; Calorific value

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