Wet Extrusion Molding of Wood Powder with Hydroxy-propylmethyl Cellulose and with Citric Acid as a Crosslinking Agent

Xiangyu Tao, Hiroshi Nonaka

Abstract


To mitigate global warming and the serious problems incurred by the disposal of petroleum-based plastics, it is important to develop derivatives of biomass materials that can be used as substitutes. To overcome the lack of thermoplasticity of wood, a wet extrusion molding process for wood powder using a cellulose derivative, hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC), had been developed. However, this material quickly reabsorbed water, swelled, and disintegrated in liquid. In the present study, a natural organic acid, citric acid, was added and kneaded together with the wood powder, the HPMC, and water. The resultant clay-like material was extruded into a tube-shaped material. The tube was air-dried and heated at 180 °C for 5 min to 30 min to allow crosslinking. By heating 1% citric acid for 30 min, the material avoided disintegrating in water for 60 min. The addition of 3% citric acid with 30 min crosslinking gave the material water resistance in water for 12 h. The degradability in the water was found to be controllable by changing the amount of citric acid and the heating time. This is a novel result because wood can be molded into a practical three-dimensional (3D) biomass composite material using this technology with natural substances without relying on petroleum-based plastics.

Keywords


Wood powder; Hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose; HPMC; Citric acid; Crosslinking; Drinking straw;3D forming; Biomass composite; Extrusion; Marine biodegradability; Water resistance; Plastics

Full Text:

PDF


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126