Analysis of Neodymium-Doped Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet Laser and Experimental Prospects for Cutting Micro-Thin Black Walnut Veneers in Industry

Bakary S. Doumbia, Chunmei Yang, Yan Ma, Ting Jiang, Xiang Li, Wenji Yu

Abstract


By structurally and practically analyzing the use of Nd: YAG laser for cutting black walnut veneer, this study considered practical and environmental concerns regarding the global warming protection measures. A numerical model of laser wood veneer cutting was based on the relation between process parameters and the material thickness. A pulsed Nd: YAG was used to cut black walnut veneer of 0.3 mm thickness under different machining conditions regarding laser power and cutting speed to study the cut kerf width. An analysis of variance was conducted to test the significance of machining parameters. The parameters studied were laser power, cutting speed, kerf width, cut surface, safety, and eco-friendliness. The results showed that the kerf width decreased significantly with increased cut speed and, inversely, by laser output power. An efficient cut with a narrow kerf, clean and smooth, with less burn, was possible at laser cutting speeds of 2.5, 5.0, and 5.5 mm/s with kerf widths of 0.544, 0.69, 0.62 mm, respectively. As multiple factors affect the micro-thin wood laser cutting process, finding the optimal process parameters is crucial for successful machining with no burn effect.

Keywords


Black walnut veneer; Cut quality; Eco-friendly; Kerf width; Micro-thin wood objects; Nanosecond Nd-YAG laser

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