Feasible Management of Non-degradable Agricultural Mulching Film Wastes into Functional Flame-retarded Materials

Wenfan Yu, Xiangsheng Han, Hongzhen Cai, Wenyu Lu, Hang Xu, Weiming Yi


A feasible procedure was proposed to convert agriculture mulching film wastes into functional flame-retarded cotton stalk particles-polyethylene-sandy soil composites (CS-PE-SSx) by simple compounding and injection molding. Due to the uniform dispersion of solid particles in polymer matrix and the promising interfacial combination and the potential interacting forces between cotton stalk and sandy soil particles, the resultant composites showed promising mechanical strength (a flexural strength of approximately 29.0 MPa, a tensile strength of approximately 15.8 MPa, and an impact strength of approximately 3.17 kJ/m2) and improved thermal stabilities. The addition of sandy soil particles endowed materials with favorable flame-retarded properties, which can be resistant to fire ignition and flame out within 55 s. Moreover, the actual agriculture wastes containing mulching film residues, cotton stalk, and soil from different areas of China were also successfully transformed into functional composites, which exhibited promising mechanical, thermal, and flame-retarding properties. This study provided a simple, green, and low-cost strategy to convert agriculture mulching film wastes into functional materials, which can be recommended as a viable option to solve the problem of agriculture mulching film wastes.


Agriculture waste; Sandy soil; Recyclability; Flame retardant; Materials

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