Flexural Characteristics of Eucalyptus nitens Timber with High Moisture Content

Yingyao Cheng, Gregory Nolan, Damien Holloway, Jaskiran Kaur, Michael Lee, Andrew Chan

Abstract


The demand for timber resources in the building industry has been increasing. Plantation Eucalyptus nitens is of interest because of its sustainable supply and potential for structural applications. However, few design standards cover strength values of plantation eucalypt timber, especially flexural failure below and above the fibre saturation point, which is an important mechanism of failure in bending members used in the building industry. Static bending tests were undertaken using a universal testing machine to examine nonlinear bending behaviour of 130 fibre managed E. nitens small clear wood samples at low and high moisture contents (MC). The mean bending modulus of rupture (MOR) was 80.7 MPa for low MC and 59.0 MPa for high MC. The high MC samples exhibited larger displacements at low ultimate loads, while the low MC samples showed abrupt failures at relatively small displacements with high ultimate loads. The design characteristic values for low and high MC E. nitens were 68.5 MPa and 39.8 MPa, respectively. This research demonstrates that fibre managed E. nitens timber is a promising timber for structural applications, especially when exposed to water, as the MOR reduction of E. nitens timber above FSP is relatively lower than those of P. radiata, which is a traditional construction material.

Keywords


Eucalyptus; Static bending; High moisture content; Design characteristic value

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126