Influence of Roof Slope on Timber Consumption in Plane Trusses Design

Iuri Fazolin Fraga, Matheus Henrique Morato de Moraes, Isabella Silva Menezes, Felipe Nascimento Arroyo, João Paulo Boff de Almeida, Edson Fernando Castanheira Rodrigues, Fernando Resende Mascarenhas, Vinícius Borges de Moura Aquino, Sérgio Augusto Mello Silva, Francisco Antonio Rocco Lahr, Wanderlei Malaquias Pereira Júnior, André Luis Christoforo

Abstract


The growing world consumption of wood in civil construction is evident, especially in structural roofing systems. Despite being from a renewable source, its rational and intelligent use is of vital importance in the execution of structural designs. Because it is a system that is recognized worldwide in the design of trussing roof structures, there are several empirical assumptions for structural calculation. To reduce timber consumption, some tile manufacturers suggest a 10% (6°) slope between chords. However, after simulations of 11 slopes with angles from 5° to 15°, the timber consumption was inversely proportional to the slope, reaching a 90% difference between extreme angles. The method used to obtain the results was software designed according to the routines prescribed by the new draft standard of ABNT NBR 7190 (2021). Considering a prefabricated truss with 5 cm thickness sections, the design criterion was that of minimum height, increasing by 0.10 cm until all checks were satisfied. Finally, the minimum angle after which no strengthening is required on the bars was 10°.

Keywords


Timber structures; Plane trusses; Slope; Design; Timber consumption.

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