The Viscoelasticity and Deformation Mechanism of Taxodium Hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan’ Wood by Dynamic Mechanical Analysis

Yuehua Zhu, Yaoli Zhang, Biao Pan

Abstract


The viscoelasticity of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan’ wood, while undergoing hydrothermal processing, was investigated via dynamic thermomechanical analysis. The results showed that the elastic deformation and viscous deformation of the Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan’ heartwood were greater than the sapwood. The heartwood average storage modulus and average loss modulus were greater than the sapwood. The difference between the heartwood and sapwood had little effect on the average glass transition temperature of their hemicellulose, which was approximately 74 °C. The radial average storage modulus was greater than the tangential, and the difference between the average loss modulus in the radial and tangential directions was negligible. The average glass transition temperature in the radial direction was slightly lower than the tangential direction. As the moisture content increased, the average storage modulus and its average hemicellulose glass transition temperature decreased. The average glass transition temperature tended to be lower as the moisture content increased. This study revealed the structural deformation and molecular movement of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan’ wood, while undergoing hydrothermal processing; this has important theoretical value for understanding its characteristics as well as its rational and efficient usage.

Keywords


Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan’; Viscoelasticity; Dynamic thermomechanical analysis; Storage modulus; Loss modulus

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