Investigation of the Use of Old Railroad Ties (Fagus orientalis) and Citrus Branches (Orange Tree) in the Particleboard Industry

Ali Hassanpoor Tichi


Effects of two widely available and underutilized lignocellulosic materials on the mechanical and physical properties of particleboards were investigated in this work. The ratio of mixtures lignocellulosic flakes at four levels (100% aspen wood), (50% aspen wood: 25% citrus: 25% old railroad ties), (50% aspen wood: 50% citrus), and (50% aspen wood: 50% old railroad ties), and the percentage of resin in two levels (8 and 12%) were considered as variable factors. The 100% aspen wood (Populus tremula) was mixed as a control board (100% aspen wood). Then the mechanical and physical properties of the samples including modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity, internal bond, water absorption, and thickness swelling after 2 h and 24 h of immersion (EN 310-319) and fire resistance (ISO 11925-2) were measured. The results showed that with increasing poplar wood in mixtures, modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity, internal bond increased, while water absorption and thickness swelling decreased. Also, in comparison with the control boards, the boards that were made by mixing 50% poplar and 50% citrus branches with 12% glue had the highest mechanical strength. The results also showed that increasing the amount of old railroad ties chips in mixing caused a significant decrease in the fire retardancy of the boards.


Branches; Old railroad ties; Particleboard; Resin; Percentage; Modulus of rupture

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126