Vibrational Characteristics of Four Wood Species Commonly Used in Wood Products

Wengang Hu, Shuang Li, Yan Liu


The effects of the moisture content, density, and striking direction of a hammer on the vibrational characteristics, i.e., the fundamental frequency and dynamic modulus of elasticity, of four wood species, i.e., poplar (Populus tomentosa), mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni), beech (Fagus orientalis), and ash (Fraxinus excelsior), commonly used in wood products were investigated, aiming to provide basic evidence for the nondestructive testing of wood materials. The results showed that the effect of the wood species on the fundamental frequency, dynamic modulus of elasticity, and static modulus of elasticity was statistically significant. The dynamic moduli of elasticity of the four wood species were higher than the corresponding static moduli of elasticity. The effect of the striking direction on the dynamic modulus of elasticity was not significant, indicating that no matter where the hammer struck, i.e., radial and tangential surfaces, the fundamental frequency was essentially constant. Negative relationships were found between the fundamental frequency and the density and moisture when the data of the four wood species were viewed as a population sample. The vibrational characteristics of each wood species varied, which can be applied to the nondestructive testing of wood.


Wood species; Fundamental frequency; Dynamic moduli of elasticity; Striking direction

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