Carbon Nanospheres Derived from Crop Residues by Acidic Lithium Bromide Hydrate Treatment

Jian Chen, Xianqin Lu, Zhiqiang Pang, Bingbing Li, Cuihua Dong

Abstract


Exploring an efficient technique for carbon sphere preparation has attracted extensive attention. Herein, acidic lithium bromide hydrate (ALBH) was used in the hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process to overcome the recalcitrance of lignocellulose, such that nano-carbon spheres were prepared at mild condition: 140 °C for 150 min with 0.8 M of HCl from 20-40 meshed corn stover. That carbon spheres showed decent morphology properties and abundant functional groups, which was better than that from pine and poplar wood. The corn stover derived carbon nanospheres could efficiently adsorb both heavy ions and methyl orange in wastewater. Meanwhile, the ALBH after reaction could be recovered and reused. Specifically, the morphologies and adsorption capability of the prepared carbon nanospheres using recovered ALBH were negligibly affected even after 5 cycles. These results verified the practical production of carbon nanospheres from lignocellulose at mild conditions, which provided more potential for the synthesis of novel biomass-based materials for comprehensive applications.

Keywords


Corn stover; Carbon spheres; Acidic LiBr; Cr(VI); Methyl orange

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