Purification and Characterization of β-N-acetylglucos-aminidase from Grifola frondosa

Yi-Cheng Wang, Te-Sheng Lien, Nan-Yin Chen, Tai-Hao Hsu

Abstract


Using commercial API-ZYM screening kits, highly active α-glucosidase, β-glucosidase, and β-N-acetylglucosaminidase were found in Grifola frondosa, having potential for carbohydrate utilization. Of these, β-N-acetylglucosaminidase, which converts chitin to N-acetylglucosamine, was purified and characterized. The recovery was 24.5%, and the purified enzyme had a specific activity 0.67 U/mg protein. Chitinase activity was confirmed by zymogram analysis. The enzyme was also shown to be β-N-acetylglucosaminidase, as N-acetylglucosamine was the main hydrolysis product from colloidal chitin. Thus, the molecule was named NAG38, to indicate β-N-acetylglucosaminidase activity and a molecular weight of 38 kDa, as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Enzymatic activity was optimal at pH 7.0 and 50 °C, with Km and Vmax values of 0.112 mM and 0.570 μmol/min/mg protein against p-nitrophenyl N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminide. The bioactivity was inhibited by Hg2+, Ag+, Mg2+, Zn2+, Ca2+, and Mn2+, with residual enzyme bioactivity only 11.1% after incubation in Hg2+, but was not substantially inhibited by Ba2+, K+, and Na+.

Keywords


Grifola frondosa; API-ZYM; N-acetylglucosamine; Chitinase; β-N-acetylglucosaminidase; Bioactivity

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