Thermal Yellowing of Hornbeam Chemi-mechanical Pulps Bleached ‎with Hydrogen Peroxide and Sodium Dithionite

Ramin Vaysi, Seyed Eshagh Ebadi

Abstract


The thermal yellowing of hornbeam chemi-mechanical pulps (CMP) after bleaching with ‎hydrogen peroxide and sodium dithionite was investigated. The hornbeam chips were randomly chosen ‎from Mazandaran wood and paper industries. The CMP pulps prepared with 85% yield were separately ‎bleached with diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA), without DTPA, and hydrogen ‎peroxide. Some pulps were bleached with sodium ‎dithionite. The optical ‎properties of prepared hand-sheets of 60 g/m2 after spraying with 0.5% DTPA were measured using TAPPI standard methods. All prepared papers were thermally aged ‎separately in an oven at 105 °C for 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40 h. The optical properties, such as brightness, ‎yellowness, coefficient of absorption, k/s ratio, post ‎color (PC) number, and a* factor, before and after ‎thermal aging were measured. The results showed that from 0 to 40 h, the optical properties ‎of paper increased except brightness and ‎greenness. ‎This increase was more extensive up to 15 h. Additionally, among the various treatments, DTPA treatment in long-term thermal aging and the use of ‎sodium ‎dithionite and hydrogen peroxide in the short-term aging had noticeable effects on brightness ‎‎durability and decrease in the color reversion. Thus, there was an increase in the durability of the paper ‎against thermal deterioration.

Keywords


Hornbeam wood; Color change; Optical properties; Chemi-mechanical pulps; Thermal aging

Full Text:

PDF


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126