Potato Starch Nanocrystal Preparation via Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Pretreatment Combined With Enzymatic Hydrolysis

Hervé M. Nlandu, Nasima Chorfa, Khaled Bekacemi, Safia Hamoudi

Abstract


In this work, starch nanocrystals were successfully produced from downgraded potatoes using enzymatic hydrolysis combined with a supercritical carbon dioxide pretreatment to improve the accessibility of the enzyme to the starches. Enzymatic hydrolysis was carried out using the pullulanase enzyme at a temperature of 60 °C and a pH of 4. Following hydrolysis, the starch nanoparticles were recovered via precipitation and recrystallization. Comparative characterization of the native, supercritical carbon dioxide-pretreated, and hydrolyzed-recrystallized starch materials was conducted via transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The scanning electron microscopy images revealed alterations, e.g., layered strips, on the surface of the potato starch granules after the supercritical carbon dioxide pretreatment. The transmission electron microscopy images revealed that spherical nanostructures from 80 nm to 150 nm were successfully produced. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra displayed several absorption bands corresponding to the molecular structure of starches. The X-ray diffractograms exhibited a typical B-type scattering pattern for all the samples. In addition, it was found that the crystallinity of the potato starch nanoparticles was considerably increased compared with native starch.

Keywords


Potato starch nanoparticles; Supercritical CO2; Pullulanase; Hydrolysis; Nanoprecipitation

Full Text:

PDF


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126