The Effect of Carbonization on the Wood Anatomy of Sclerolobium paniculatum Vogel

Edy Eime Pereira Baraúna, Patricia Hellenn Stallbaun, Thiago Campos Monteiro, Thiago Cardoso Silva, Talita Baldin, Fernando Colen, Marina Donária Chaves Arantes

Abstract


Considering the extraordinary diversity of the Brazilian Cerrado and the difficulties related to the inspection of environmental crimes, knowing the wood and charcoal anatomy of widely exploited species is important. Thus, this study aimed to verify the anatomical characteristics of the wood and charcoal of Sclerolobium paniculatum. Therefore, anatomical characterizations of the wood and the charcoal produced were performed in order to compare the characteristics of both materials and observe any possible changes in the anatomical properties after carbonization. The results exposed that the qualitative anatomical characteristics of S. paniculatum wood can be maintained after the carbonization process. However, quantitatively, the carbonization increased the vessel frequency value and height and width of rays, despite reducing the frequency of rays. The diameter of the vessels was not altered by carbonization. This characterization of the species can then serve as a database for future identification of charcoal produced with this wood. In addition, it can encourage increasing the quality of inspection and consequently reducing the illegal exploitation of the species in natural environments.

Keywords


Charcoal; Anatomical characteristics; Brazilian Cerrado; Wood fiber

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