Delignification of Hemp Stalk Using a Low Transition Temperature Mixture Composed of Choline Chloride and Lactic Acid

Veronika Jancikova, Michal Jablonsky

Abstract


This work used a literature search to select the most suitable system for the delignification process of annual plants. This process was evaluated in terms of lignin removal from plant biomass. Based on previous experiments, a low transition temperature mixture (LTTM) was used, which was a mixture of choline chloride and lactic acid in a molar ratio of 1:2. Samples of hemp fibers were examined. The delignification of biomass was monitored by changing the content of the main components. After application of the solvent at a temperature of 100, 120, or 140 °C and a delignification time of 2 or 4 h, the lignin content expressed by Kappa number decreased to the level of 22 to 13.7. Yields of hemp fibers sown after LTTM application ranged from 72.5 to 90.6%. The results confirmed that the use of LTTM (choline chloride/lactic acid) is a suitable system for the extraction of lignin from biomass. The findings showed that LTTM was an effective delignifying agent for hemp, as a relatively low Kappa number of 13.7 and a yield of 75.9% were achieved after only 2 h and at 140 °C.

Keywords


Delignification; Biomass; Hemp; Low transition temperature mixture; Green solvents

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