Parametric Analysis on the Lateral Force Resistance of Qing Dynasty Timber Frame Containing Stacked Purlins
Keywords:Traditional Chinese timber frame, Stacked purlins, Lateral force resistance, Hysteretic behavior
In ancient wooden structures of the Qing dynasty in China, stacked purlins are important longitudinal elements. In this study, a refined finite element model of a four-column timber frame containing stacked purlins was built. The effects of the fangs, spacer boards, and purlins with dovetail ends on the lateral resistance of the timber frame and the mid-span vertical deflection of the purlins were studied. The longitudinal hysteresis curve of the timber frame made up of stacked purlins was found to be S-shaped, centrally symmetrical, with a pinching effect and full at both ends. The Fangs made the greatest improvement on the lateral stiffness, displacement ductility, and total hysteresis energy consumption of the timber frame by reducing the mid-span vertical deflection of the purlins. The spacer boards contributed less to the lateral resistance of the timber frame than Fangs, but they contributed most to the reduction of the mid-span vertical deflection of the purlins. The dovetail connection at the ends of the purlins had a limited effect on reducing the lateral stiffness and ductility of the timber frame and increasing the mid-span vertical deflection of the purlins, but they significantly increased the total energy consumption of the timber frame and its energy consumption capacity.