Factors Affecting the Mechanical Deep Dewatering of Sludge from Wastewater Treatment
Keywords:Wastewater sludge, Mechanical dewatering, Pressure, Dewatering time, Sludge cake thickness
Effects of pressure, dewatering time, and sludge cake thickness on the dewatering of wastewater sludge by the hydraulic dehydrator under the condition of adding CaO and FeSO4 were analyzed using the response surface method (RSM). It was found that when the parameters of pressure, dewatering time, and sludge cake thickness were changed, the trends of dewatering papermaking sludge and municipal sludge were similar under the condition of raw sludge with 3% CaO and 3% FeSO4. Specifically, the increase of pressure and dewatering time promotes the dewatering effect of wastewater sludge, and the thinner the sludge cake is, the better the dewatering effect. The water content can be affected by the change of pressure, dewatering time, and sludge cake thickness. In response surface analysis, the model F-value and coefficient of determination (R2) were 541.43 and 0.9986, respectively, indicating high significance and good correlation. In the model, the change of pressure, dewatering time, and sludge cake thickness affected the water content of paper sludge. Particularly, the increase of pressure and compression time enhanced the dewatering efficiency. The thinner the sludge cake was, the better the dewatering effect of paper sludge was.