Properties of Engineered Wood Flooring with Cold-pressing and Emulsion Polymer Isocyanate Adhesive
Keywords:Cold-pressing, Wood based material, Material property, ANOVA, Optimization
For the sake of improving the product quality and economy, a series of cold-pressing experiments were carried out to investigate the material properties of engineered wood flooring with emulsion polymer isocyanate adhesive. Effect of pressing time, pressure, and adhesive spreading rate on modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR) was analyzed based on orthogonal experimental design. According to the results, both the MOE and MOR were positively correlated with pressing pressure and adhesive spreading rate. The MOE first increased and then decreased with the increase of pressing time, and MOR showed an increasing trend with the pressing time. Meanwhile, pressing time had the greatest effect on the MOE, followed by adhesive spreading rate, and pressing pressure. However, adhesive spreading rate had the greatest influence on the MOE, followed by pressing time and pressure. Furthermore, pressing time had a significant contribution to both MOE and MOR, and adhesive spread rate had a significant effect on only the MOR. Finally, the optimal cold-pressing condition was determined as 18 s pressing time, 1.25 MPa pressure, and 200 g/m3 adhesive spreading rate, and it is proposed for application in the industrial cold pressing of engineered wood flooring for the highest MOE, MOR, and production benefit.