Properties of Oak Wood Incorporating Microencapsulated Phase Change Material


  • Ahmet Can Department of Forest Industry Engineering, Bartin University, 74100 Bartın, Turkey
  • Mehmet Emin Ergun Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Akseki Vocational High School, Forestry and Forest Product Program
  • İsmail Özlüsoylu Department of Forest Industry Engineering, Bartin University, 74100 Bartın, Turkey


Oak wood, Microencapsulated phase change materials, Impregnation, Energy storage


Microencapsulated phase change materials (MPCMs) incorporated into oak wood via vacuum impregnation have shown promise as thermal energy storage (TES) materials. Physical and chemical properties of MPCMs and resulting Phase Change Energy Storage Wood (PCESW) were analyzed. Scanning electron microscopy and particle size analyses revealed similar particle sizes, while X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectra confirmed crystal phase and chemical structure. Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry determined thermal properties, including phase change temperature, enthalpy, thermal stability, and conductivity. The MPCMs exhibited a phase change enthalpy of 146.0 J/g and temperature of 35.0 °C, with excellent thermal stability. The FTIR, XRD, and TGA analyses showed unchanged chemical structure, crystallinity ratios, and decomposition in two stages, respectively. The PCESW exhibited a latent heat storage of 3.02 J/g at 25.4 °C. Decay tests demonstrated noticeably reduced weight loss (1.22% and 1.55%) for MPCMW samples treated with Trametes versicolor and Coniophora puteana, compared to unleached control samples (19.7% and 20.8%). These findings indicate the high efficiency and potential of PCESW as a thermal energy storage material.






Research Article or Brief Communication